Menopause can be defined as the cessation of menses which usually takes place in women averagely between the ages of 40-50. The transitional period may start with significant varying of the menses and graduate to complete cessation of the menses. The end of this transitional period marks the end of the functioning of the ovaries, meaning that after this period, an otherwise health woman will not be able to reproduce or be able to conceive. Menopause, although a natural process, may come with various side effects, some mild and others severe. The transitional period also comes with various fluctuations in effects on the body some of which involve hormone imbalance.

Common menopause symptoms include hot flashes, palpitations, flushed skin, vaginal changes, urinary incontinence, bone loss, skin thinning, breast changes, cholesterol changes, higher risk of heart diseases, and weight loss or gain among others. Some of the symptoms involve hormonal changes which are not pleasant to endure. Bioidentical hormone replacement is a procedure used to supplement the natural hormones to gain a balance for better functionality of the body. BHRT (bioidentical horomone repoacement) has proved to be quite effective in treating various perimenopause, menopause and postmenopause symptoms.

Just like several other hormone therapies, the BHRT acts by changing the activity or production of some specific hormones. Depending on each person’s symptoms, different hormone therapy procedures and doses will be recommended. A doctor will first have to determine the underlying cause of an individual’s hormonal imbalance or hormonal decline. To help determine the best BHRT administration an assessment of the current hormone levels needs to be done. This also serves as a base line to monitor the progress of the treatment.

The use of bioidentical hormone replacement therapies is gaining popularity. The increase in popularity is due to the fact that such therapies claim to use natural products which means their use pose little or no side effects as compared to the use of the commercial hormone replacement drugs. The rising popularity can also be attributed to the fact that numerous celebrities are using the product to relieve osteoporosis and menopause symptoms. BHRT makes use of various hormones including estriol, testosterone, estrone, progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone and estradiol. Some of the hormone components face restriction in use in various jurisdictions. The bioidentical hormone replacement can be availed in various ways including vaginal creams, skin creams, transdermal patches, vaginal tablets, vaginal rings, topical gels or even oral pills.

In many cases, hormone therapy will be a combined prescription of progesterone (or any other progestins) with estrogen. Progestins are used to reduce the risk of uterine cancer which is heightened with an increase in the use of estrogen. Estrogen is often used solely on women whose uterus has been surgical removed. Bioidentical hormones are basically preparations whose formula is said to contain hormones that are similar to what the body is able to produce naturally. Proponents argue that when applied as gels or creams onto the skin, the preparations, are in their active forms absorbed onto the body thus avoiding any side effects that the commercial hormonal preparations may pose.